India has done some noteworthy improvements in delivering high quality health care services but it is also true that the health sector is facing some tough challenges that need to overcome.
Health care in India has changed its old mindset and transform itself into new as the Medical tourism in India has developed in recent years and has opened a lot of economic possibilities for both businessmen and investors from India and Abroad also.
There is a wrong overview about the health care of India in the mind of people that though the expense in the health care sector of India is cheap but the quality of the health care service is very low also. But this is not the actual scenario; today’s health care facilities of India can compete with most developed nations of the world. Even some of the medical treatments have gained so much popularity in the world like cosmetic surgery, density, joint care and heart surgery etc. and more than that, these complicated surgeries can be done in less time and very low price in comparison to other developed countries.
Challenges in Health Care Systems in India: Though several improvements can be seen in the India’s health care industry but it is true that the system is lacking experienced, well qualified doctors and basic infrastructure; that’s why people are not able to get quality healthcare. Out of the total available doctors, only 10% work in the public health sector. While a few numbers of hospitals are largely focused around urban areas while 70% of India’s population lives in rural areas and due to this, a large number of people become unable to get the right health care needs. India also accounts for a large share of the world’s disease burden but most of the population is unable to receive the best health care from hospitals and doctors. To handle this Healthcare crisis in India, the health care industry needs to concentrate in making healthcare more affordable and easily accessible to public.
Recent scenario in Health Care Systems in India: The majority of population in India is generally under-insured which result that they have to compromise on the quality of healthcare services.
The per capita insurance expenses on healthcare are the lowest in the world, like majority of Indians don’t have any health insurance.
Government is now giving 88% of health insurance coverage to serve people of the country.
Huge urban-rural disparity in health coverage is concerned.
Due to insufficient coverage and lack of availability of public sector healthcare institutions, people have to cover over 60% health related expenses from their budget.
National Nutrition Mission: In the year 2017, National Nutrition Mission or NMN was approved by Government of India to tackle the problems under-nutrition and low birth weight. This health program is focused to reduce stunting by year 2022.
AMRIT Pharmacies: In the same year, a huge number of patients were benefitted from Affordable Medicines and Reliable Implants for Treatment or AMRIT Pharmacies. It is like a blessing for cancer patients and the medicines are provided to them at a discount of up to 80% on its MRP.
National Medical Commission Bill: In the same year, Government of India also approved National Medical Commission Bill 2017 which needs to regulate medical education and practice in India.
Ayushman Bharat Scheme: It is the world’s largest government-funded healthcare scheme which was launched on 23rd September, 2018 and it will provide health cover of Rs 5 lakh per family and will be available to 10.74 crore people, denied rural families and identified occupational categories of urban worker’s families.
With all these schemes and efforts, Government of India is trying to uplift the health care industry of India which can be able to provide quality health care to every single people of India.